Acne: a disease that can be prevented and treated

The first Acne Awareness Campaign, a dermatological disease that affects 80% of young people between the ages of 12 and 25, will be held in Argentina from April 18 to 25, according to data from the Argentine society of Dermatology.

Common acne is an inflammatory skin disease. It is known, pimples and blackheads. The face, chest and/or back are the most affected areas, and it is a condition that has great consequences on the patient’s psychological well-being and quality of life, the way he perceives his body and his relationships with others.

Acne: a disease that can be prevented and treated

Although it is a disease that most often occurs in teens, acne may continue until about 45 years of age. And it affects women more (12%) than men (3%).

Often this pathology is not given the importance it has, but it is essential to consult the dermatologist, since prevention and treatment are key to its eradication.

We have a habit of thinking about and treating acne as something “normal”, which goes by itself. But it is a problem that needs to be addressed and that deserves dermatological consultation. There are even pediatric dermatologists in Kenya. In addition to the injuries and scars it can generate, it greatly affects the quality of life and self-esteem.

Let’s start by defining it. A

cne is caused by inflammation of the pylosebaceous follicle, those small holes from which the hair grows, mainly on the face, chest and back.

It may occur at different times of life, but is more common in adolescence, although it may persist into adulthood. There are also forms of neonatal and infantile acne that are more rare and sometimes need to be studied to rule out endocrinological problems.

Acne occurs by several factors, the first of which is the hypersecretion of tallow by the pilosebaceous follicle. This increase in sebum secretion is determined by hormonal factors typical of adolescence.

The other factors involved in acne are the tamponade of these follicular holes (pores) and inflammation and colonization by bacteria, which occurs as a result of this tamponade.

The sequence of lesions that can be observed are the White Point (closed comedon), the Black Point (open comedon), and then inflammatory lesions (granites), papules and pustules (when they contain pus). When acne is not treated it can cause more important lesions such as cysts and nodules, and leave scars such as scars.

acne is a condition that should be treated and should be a reason for consultation with the dermatologist

It is important to note that acne is a condition that should be treated and should be a reason for consultation with the dermatologist, who should treat it, since it often has a negative impact on the quality of life of adolescents who are already at a critical point in life. It can cause depression pictures inability to communicate, interact with peers, and significantly alters the body image. Many times parents don’t consider it a problem and this can result in delaying treatments and scarring.

Today there are many treatments from the simple explanation of the daily washing of the face, to treatments by mouth with very important medication so as to avoid the sequelae that is the most important thing of this treatment, according to the severity of acne.

Types of acne

Acne is classified as mild, moderate, and severe, and each has a specific treatment that should be indicated by the dermatologist, and in some cases may indicate the complement of an auxiliary such as cosmetologists, but the one indicating the treatment should be the doctor.

There are certain myths about acne that should be denied: it is not true that acne gets worse with certain fatty foods such as chocolate or mayonnaise, or that it is related to dirt, frequent use of scrubs often makes injuries worse because it favors inflammation.

Types of acne

It is real that it is related to menstrual periods and usually gets worse in the previous days.

It is important to remember that local corticosteroids (where there are acne lesions) are contraindicated because in addition to making it worse they can cause it.

Another important factor in acne is the family history of severe acne in parents

Treatment should avoid aggressive washing and frequent exfoliations, daily washing with warm water and gels with medications are indicated according to the type of injury.

It is important to remind patients to avoid the use of cosmetics with fatty vehicles or sprays as they favour the appearance of comedones. All products used must be non-comedogenic or oil free. Another detail to highlight is the importance of using specific sunscreens for acneic complexion both to prevent sun damage and to avoid markings.

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