Osteoporosis is associated with an increased frequency of bone fractures, especially the so-called energy-saving fractures, ie resulting from a small injury, harmless to a healthy person. Some of them may go unnoticed at all (for example, compression fractures of the vertebrae), while others are associated with serious complications and prolonged disconnection. There are several typical osteoporosis site fractures, which are listed below.
Compression fractures of the vertebrae
This is the most common type of fracture in osteoporosis. On average, one in four women is over 50. and the second is above 85. let has at least one such violation. The vast majority of them, because while 70% remains unnoticed, and the only symptom may be a decrease in the growth of the patient. Compression fractures of the vertebrae usually occur during daily activities and events, such as getting out of bed, tripping or even sneezing. Fractures are most often exposed to the lower vertebrae of the segment of the thoracic spine. Sometimes the fracture is accompanied by acute pain, localized at the level of damage, increases when the trunk shifts. The basis of the diagnosis of fracture photo-x-ray of the spine. The result of vertebral fractures are chronic back pain, reduced growth (an average of 2 cm for each broken vertebra) and deepening of chest kyphosis (the so-called senile hump).
Proximal fractures (including neck) of the femur
These fractures are the most serious problem of osteoporosis due to the associated high mortality and frequent other complications. Arise, as a rule, as a result of falling. Their cracking is difficult and in some people it is completely impossible due to poor blood supply to the area near the end of the femur (thigh area). In such cases, the treatment consists in inserting a hip prosthesis. With fractures better promising enough operational fusion branches. After the operation, she seeks to start the patient as soon as possible to avoid a terrible complication in the form of thrombosis or pneumonia associated with a long shutdown. Often from attention to the General poor health of patients and age is particularly difficult, and, unfortunately, regardless of the treatment used, within a year after the fracture dies about 20% of people.
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Fractures of the proximal humerus
Treat their immobilization in a plaster bandage or a special soft stabilizer. In the case of this type of fractures, it is important to quickly start the correct rehabilitation, which will preserve the smooth functioning of the joints, elbow and shoulder joints.
Fractures of the stretching of the further radial bone (wrist area) – the so-called wheel fracture
Violation of this occurs as a result of falling on an outstretched arm – usually in winter, on the icy street. Treatment is to achieve a fracture and stop the limb in a plaster cast for a period of about 4 weeks.
What causes bones to weaken?
A disease in which there is pain in the bones-osteoporosis. Most often, pain occurs at a fracture, since the pain itself at the very beginning does not give any symptoms. In some cases, patients, in addition to frequent fractures, weight loss, rounding of the back, as well as growth retardation in young people can be observed. Another patient unit, which is characterized by pain in the bones, is osteomalacia. It is a disease that occurs in adults deficient in vitamin D. in this disease also occurs to the disruption of the economy of calcium metabolism. This causes not only bone pain, but also muscle weakness. In children, this hospital unit-rickets. Patients have limbs in the form of the letter O, changing their gait.
Hyperostosis is a condition of the spine in which there is a slight pain in the bones, but it is a chronic pain. Pain can make daily functioning difficult, as it not only radiates from the limbs, but can also be located in the joints. The patient can feel not only the pain of the bones, but also numbness of the hands and feet. Another reason, due to which bone pain appears is bone cancer. The children have Ewing’s sarcoma. Bone pain is also a symptom of multiple myeloma. Pain occurs in the place where the tumor is located. For these symptoms can also join swelling and thickening on the bone. In any type of bone tumor there is a weakening of bone tissue, which leads to permanent fractures.
Bone pain also occurs in inflammation of the bone marrow. In this case, there are also other symptoms, such as fever, redness and swelling in the place where the inflammation is located. Bone pain and other symptoms may increase with exercise. Bone pain can also be a sign of a congenital metabolic defect, which is caused by the deposition of other unnecessary substances in the bones. This is a rare genetic disease, the result of which is not only causing discomfort, bone pain, as well as deformation, bone fracture, but also an increase in the liver.
Bone pain is not the most common ailment on its own because it is the result of disease. Therefore, the treatment is to focus primarily on the treatment of the main unit of damage. Bone pain also occurs in inflammation of the bone marrow. In this case, there are also other symptoms, such as fever, redness and swelling in the place where the inflammation is located. Bone pain and other symptoms may increase with exercise. Bone pain can also be a sign of a congenital metabolic defect, which is caused by the deposition of other unnecessary substances in the bones. This is a rare genetic disease, the result of which is not only causing discomfort, bone pain, as well as deformation, bone fracture, but also an increase in the liver.