SENSITIVE SKIN – how to care for it

SENSITIVE SKIN - how to care for itRed spots, burning, itching, small pimples – this is the reaction of skin sensitive to a new cosmetic or a change in water. Today, almost half of women and men have sensitive skin problems. There is no way out – you have to learn with such a complexion to live and so nurture it, so as not to provoke further irritations.

And this is quite difficult, because  sensitive skin does not tolerate chlorinated water, strong  cosmetics and rapid temperature changes. From research Rejuvenating cream carried out at the request of cosmetic companies, it appears that the more and more sensitive ones are coming. And regardless of whether their skin was previously  dry, mixed or oily.

Skin sensitive to external factors behaves completely differently than normal. It heals, bakes, is tense. Flushing and even a rash appear quickly. This is because the defense mechanisms have disappeared. This is most often due to insufficient moisture in the epidermis and damage to the protective film of hydrolipid by preparations that change its acidic pH to alkaline. The reaction of sensitive skin is rapid and irritations appear immediately after contact with the substances that cause them.

Until recently, it was believed that only dry skin behaved in this way, while oily and mixed ones are more resistant. Meanwhile, hypersensitivity and susceptibility to irritation is independent of this. The dry skin, under the influence of irritating substances, is additionally dried out, baked, small red spots appear on it. Mixed and oily also bakes, flakes off, it happens that there are large patches of redness. Typically, the more sensitive skin is people with fair complexion and with light or red hair.

Sensitive or allergic skin?Sensitive or allergic skin?

Sensitive skin reactions are rapid, allergic – delayed. This is what allows them to be distinguished from each other. Changes on the allergic skin occur 12-72 hours after contact with an irritant. Allergy is a disease resulting from the lack of immunity not only of the skin but of the whole organism. At the sensitizers, erythema, rash, and severe flaking appear. These symptoms may be caused by any organic or inorganic substance. Changes on the skin are provoked not only by cosmetics, but also by food, plant pollen, mite feces, animal dander, chemical substances. Such skin usually tolerates natural ingredients, so cosmetics with plant extracts or animal origin are inadvisable for it.

Due to the delayed reaction, it is not easy to find an allergen that irritates the skin, which is why the treatment is long-lasting, complicated and requires not only changes in cosmetics, but also specialist pharmacological therapy.

Sensitive or vascular skin?

Although the capillary skin is undoubtedly (over) sensitive, and on the sensitive skin, like on the capillaries, redness appears, these concepts are not the same. Capillary skin becomes reddened under the influence of external factors, among others unfavorable weather conditions: frost, wind, temperature changes. Air-conditioned air also works badly on it. The teleangiectasia, i.e. broken capillaries, is characteristic of the capillary skin.

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Damage to the defense mechanisms of the skin can have many causes. Some of us are independent of us, and we bear the blame for the others. A large impact on the skin sensitivity is increased pollution of the environment, being in heated rooms, air conditioning and stress. Also sunbathing, smoking and being in the company of smokers. Damage to the hydrolipid layer of the skin is also caused by improper care, rapid changes in temperature, wind, chlorinated water and detergents in powders and lotions.

Which helps sensitive skin

Above all, moisturizing – from outside and inside – and rebuilding its protective layer. Drink two liters of water every day; drink a glass of non-carbonated mineral water on an empty stomach immediately after waking up. In winter, use oily creams that will create a protective film on the skin, and in summer, apply sunblock creams. Before you buy a new cosmetic, ask for his sample and do an allergy test. Brush it behind your ear or forearm. If you do not get a rash or redness, you can use the cream with confidence. Remember that with sensitive skin you can not experiment with cosmetics. It’s best to stick to proven ones, despite the fact that new products are very tempting.

Use a spray, mineral water or infusion of chamomile or lime over the morning face wash. You can also give up water and clean your skin with milk or cream and then wipe with a tonic. Remove the excess gently with a paper towel or handkerchief.

When choosing a face cream, follow the principle that the less active ingredients, preservatives, coloring and fragrances, the better. The cosmetic for you should contain fatty acids, ceramides, vitamin E, panthenol, thermal water, hyaluronic acid, extracts of chamomile, lemon balm or borage. These substances strengthen the epidermis, seal the hydrolipid layer and soothe irritations. Apply the cream gently, trying not to stretch the skin. During the day, moisturize your face by sprinkling it with spray water.

Sensitive skin usually tolerates colorful cosmetics. Chemicals in them, such as chrome or nickel, can irritate. Such persons should use foundations, inks, shades or lipsticks especially designed for sensitive skin.

To remove make-up and clean the face of dust and fat, apply soothing lotions. Apply them with a thick layer, then gently pick them with a cotton swab. Then wipe the skin with a non-alcoholic tonic. For eye makeup remover use preparations without preservatives, with neutral pH and slightly oily consistency.

Washing sensitive skin is not easy. You can not use mineral or boiled water to cleanse your whole body. That is why it is so important to use appropriate cleaning products. They must moisturize and soothe irritations, prevent damage to the hydrolipid layer of the epidermis and maintain the acidic pH of the skin. If you like to bathe, avoid foaming and fragrant liquids, instead pour greasy olives or oils (eg almond) into the water for the care of dry and sensitive skin.

If you have sensitive skin and prone to irritation:If you have sensitive skin and prone to irritation:

do not wash your face with tap water

do not use cosmetics with a pH above 5.5 or containing a lot of active substances (retinol, fruit acids, vitamin C and alcohol)

do not use alkaline soaps, strong foaming agents (eg bath lotions), heavily abrasive scrubs, cosmetics with preservatives

Avoid sudden temperature changes, washing in very cold or hot water and going out to the cold or sun without proper protection.



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